Mapping the population of journalists and media workers in RNM

The main goal of this research endeavor is to collect detailed data on the number and structure of journalists and media workers engaged in different media sectors in the country. The collected data will enable the organizations that deal with development of media and journalism, and the media themselves - to have precise data on which they can design their strategies and further activities. In the past years, data was available only for journalists and media workers in the audiovisual sector of RSM. With this mapping, for the first time, detailed information will also be obtained of the employees in the print and online media sector. The mapping is carried out within the framework of the project jointly implemented by the Independent Union of Journalists and Media Workers and the RESIS Institute, with the support of the European Commission.

Survey on the knowledge, needs and preferences of local community groups for their participation in the public sphere

The main goal of the research was to identify the problems with access, the habits of members of vulnerable groups from both regions when using information and communication technologies and media content, the level of their communication skills and knowledge, as well as their needs for local topics that would be published on the online community platform This is the first quantitative research study with members of several vulnerable groups in the country in order to examine in more detail the obstacles they face in terms of access to communication technologies and media content, their main sources of information and the possibilities for their participation in the public sphere. The research study was conducted within the frames of the project “Encouraging Civic Participation in Local Governance” (Local Active) that was funded by the National Endowment for Democracy from USA.

Journalists’ Views and Perceptions on Judicial Transparency in three Western Balkans countries

The study presents the findings from the regional research project conducted in 2021 among the journalists from three Western Balkans countries: Bosnia and Herzegovina, North Macedonia and Serbia. The main objective of the research was to gain insight and identify means of facilitating dialogue and cooperation between journalists and judicial authorities in these countries and to establish priority areas and actions for transforming the current “antagonistic” relationship into a partnership for the benefit of the public. At a regional level, this is the first comprehensive study that comparatively examines the various aspects and causes of the tense relationship between these two professions, both of which are exceptionally important for a democratic society. The study was commissioned by the Free Press Unlimited, within the frames of the regional project “Strengthening Media Freedom in Bosnia and Herzegovina, North Macedonia and Serbia” that was funded by the Kingdom of the Netherlands. The study can be downloaded HERE.

Western Balkans Journalists’ Safety Index

In the course of 2022, RESIS and the partners of the platform Safejournalists.Net worked on the second research study for the Western Balkans Journalists' Safety Index (WB-JSI). In 2021 RESIS developed the methodology and coordinated a pilot study that for the first time measured and compared the safety of journalists in seven Western Balkan countries. The study on North Macedonia can be found here.

The WB-JSI is a research-grounded tool designed to measure and monitor the changes in the respective social and political environments of the WB countries, that have direct or indirect impact on the safety of journalists and media actors while practicing their profession. Based on the research evidence, nine experts in each country assess the situation and assign scores to each of the 19 indicators within the following dimensions:
1) Legal and organisational environment – the existence and implementation of legal safeguards relevant for the safety of journalists.
2) Due Prevention – the existence and implementation of a range of preventative measures that have direct effects on journalists’ protection and safety.
3) Due Process – the behaviour of state institutions and public officials towards journalists and the efficiency of the criminal and civil justice system concerning the investigations of threats and acts of violence against journalists.
4) Actual Safety – incidents and instances of various forms of threats and acts of violence against journalists and media.
The project is supported by the European Commission and Civil Rights Defenders.

Action Research to build a Network of Audience Councils

In the period from October 2019 to March 2022, with the support of the Civica Mobilitas Program, the RESIS Institute established the Network of Audience Councils, which consists of over 60 civil society organizations at the local level working with various vulnerable groups: children and minors, people with sensory and other impairment, people with rare diseases, members of the LGBT community, socially disadvantaged groups, addicts and other vulnerable groups. The goal of the Network is to encourage vulnerable groups and their civil society organizations to jointly and coordinately work on realizing the communication rights of vulnerable groups in the public sphere.

The establishment of the Network was preceded by an Action Research in which civil society organizations critically assessed media content, the situation in media pluralism and the public sphere more broadly. Based on the results of the action research, RESIS published the analysis Vulnerable groups in the public sphere and drafted the Guidelines for strategic networking and communication, which contain basic principles and guidelines for the Network's actions.

Media Pluralism Monitor in the Digital Age

Starting from September 2020, in cooperation with the Center for Media Pluralism and Media Freedom from Florence - CMPF, the RESIS team has been working on the assessment of the situation with media pluralism in the country for several years in a row. The Media Pluralism Monitor Project is a comprehensive scientific research project that aims to assess the viability of media ecosystems and the risks to media freedom and pluralism in European countries. In North Macedonia such a study was conducted for the first time in 2017, and then an assessment of the state of media pluralism in the country was made for 2020 and 2021. In 2022, the RESIS team conducted a fourth consecutive study, which is expected to be published in June 2023. The study assesses the situation in four main areas: Basic protection, Market pluralism, Political independence and Social inclusion. The project is coordinated by the Center for Media Pluralism and Media Freedom in Florence, and funded by the European Union.

The impact of new media on the formation of public opinion and on the work of traditional media

RESIS also investigates the changes that take place in the social environment under the influence of the rapid development of new technologies. The focus of this research study, conducted in 2020, was the online media which offer information, education and entertainment to the domestic audience and which thus have an increasing impact on the formation of public opinion, but also on the economic operation of traditional media. The research study compares the data on the audience of online and traditional media, on the one hand, and the advertising revenues of these two media sectors, on the other hand. The results show that online media are increasingly attracting advertisers, but that television is still an influential source of information, education and entertainment. The research was conducted for the needs of the Agency for Audio and Audiovisual Media Services.

Levels of media literacy among adult population in RNM

In 2019, RESIS developed the methodology and interpreted the data from the second mapping of the individual levels of media literacy in the country. The survey was conducted for the needs of the Agency for Audio and Audiovisual Media Services, and supported by the OSCE Mission in Skopje. The findings of the research study were presented to the members of the Media Literacy Network in November 2019 and served as a basis for designing a campaign to raise the level of critical awareness of the population towards various media contents.

Indicators on the level of media freedom and journalists’ safety in the Western Balkans

For the fifth year in a row, RESIS researchers are coordinating the regional study conducted by the journalists' associations in the region, joined within the Western Balkans’ Regional Platform for Advocating Media Freedom and Journalists’ Safety. Journalists' associations, under the mentorship of RESIS’ researchers, collect data each year, analyze law enforcement and monitor developments regarding media freedom and safety of journalists in their countries. Based on the collected data, they undertake a range of advocacy activities in order to change the political, legal and institutional environment in which the media and journalists operate. The collected data, information and research findings helped the journalists' associations to strengthen their arguments and attitudes in their advocacy activities and to become key actors in the efforts to improve the situation with media freedoms and journalists’ safety in the region. The project is financially supported by the European Commission. Based on the reports of the journalists' associations, in 2018 RESIS’ researchers drafted a comparative analysis of the level of media freedom and safety of journalists in the Western Balkans countries.


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